Simple and Efficient Heterogeneous Graph Neural Network


Heterogeneous graph neural networks (HGNNs) deliver the powerful capability to embed rich structural and semantic information of a heterogeneous graph into low-dimensional node representations. Existing HGNNs usually learn to embed information using hierarchy attention mechanism and repeated neighbor aggregation, suffering from unnecessary complexity and redundant computation. This paper proposes Simple and Efficient Heterogeneous Graph Neural Network (SeHGNN) which reduces this excess complexity through avoiding overused node-level attention within the same relation and pre-computing the neighbor aggregation in the pre-processing stage. Unlike previous work, SeHGNN utilizes a light-weight parameter-free neighbor aggregator to learn structural information for each metapath, and a transformer-based semantic aggregator to combine semantic information across metapaths for the final embedding of each node. As a result, SeHGNN offers the simple network structure, high prediction accuracy, and fast training speed. Extensive experiments on five real-world heterogeneous graphs demonstrate the superiority of SeHGNN over the state-of-the-arts on both the accuracy and training speed. Codes are available at

In Proceedings of AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), AAAI-23, Washington, DC, USA, February 7-14, 2023 (CORE A*)
Shirui Pan
Shirui Pan
Professor | ARC Future Fellow

My research interests include data mining, machine learning, and graph analysis.